Listen The physical and emotional effects of cancer and treatment can be significant.
Healthy cells have a specific life cycle, reproducing and dying off in a way that is determined by the type of cell.
New cells take the place of old or damaged cells as they die. Cancer disrupts this process and leads to abnormal growth in cells. DNA exists in the individual genes of every cell.
It has instructions that tell the cell what functions to perform and how to grow and divide. Mutations occur frequently in DNA, but usually cells correct these mistakes.
When a mistake is not corrected, a cell can become cancerous. These extra cells can divide uncontrollably, causing growths called tumors to form. Tumors can cause a variety of health problems, depending on where they grow in the body. But not all tumors are cancerous.
Benign tumors are noncancerous and do not spread to nearby tissues. Sometimes, they can grow large and cause problems when they press against neighboring organs and tissue. Malignant tumors are cancerous and can invade other parts of the body. Some cancer cells can also migrate through the bloodstream or lymphatic system to distant areas of the body.
This process is called metastasis.
Cancers that have metastasized are considered more advanced than those that have not. Metastatic cancers tend to be harder to treat and more fatal.
Types of Cancer Cancers are named for the area in which they begin and the type of cell they are made of, even if they spread to other parts of the body.
For example, a cancer that begins in the lungs and spreads to the liver is still called lung cancer. There are also several clinical terms used for certain general types of cancer: Carcinoma is a cancer that starts in the skin or the tissues that line other organs.
Sarcoma is a cancer of connective tissues such as bones, muscles, cartilage, and blood vessels. Leukemia is a cancer of bone marrow, which creates blood cells. Lymphoma and myeloma are cancers of the immune system.
The direct cause of cancer is changes or mutations to the DNA in your cells. Genetic mutations can be inherited. They can also occur after birth as a result of environmental forces.
Some of these forces include: Some existing health conditions that cause inflammation may also increase your risk of cancer. An example is ulcerative colitis, a chronic inflammatory bowel disease.
Knowing the factors that contribute to cancer can help you live a lifestyle that decreases your cancer risks. According to experts, these are the seven best ways to prevent cancer: Stop using tobacco and avoid secondhand smoke.
Eat a healthy, balanced diet. Limit your intake of processed meats.Non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) is a cancer that starts in lymphocytes. Lymphocytes are cells of the lymphatic system.
The lymphatic system. The lymphatic system works with other parts of your immune system to help your body fight infection and disease.
A health care professional who cares for a person with cancer by providing bedside care, preparing and administering treatments, providing supportive care, and educating the person with cancer and their family about their cancer, treatments, and side effects.
Lymphoma - Hodgkin: Questions to Ask the Health Care Team Approved by the plombier-nemours.com Editorial Board, 09/ ON THIS PAGE: You will find some questions to ask your doctor or other members of your health care team, to help you better understand your diagnosis, treatment plan, and overall care.
Know the signs and symptoms of Hodgkin lymphoma. Find out how Hodgkin disease is tested for, diagnosed, and staged. Early Detection, Diagnosis, and Staging. Here are some questions you can ask your cancer care team to help you better understand your cancer diagnosis and treatment options.
LLS is the largest voluntary health organization dedicated to funding research, finding cures and ensuring access to treatments for blood cancer patients. Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma Treatment€ If you’ve been diagnosed with non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL), your cancer care team will discuss treatment options with you.