The purpose of this experiment was to identify the specific element in a metal powder sample by determining its crystal structure and atomic radius. These were determined using the Debye-Sherrer powder camera method of X-ray diffraction. A good introduction also provides whatever background theory, previous research, or formulas the reader needs to know. Usually, an instructor does not want you to repeat the lab manual, but to show your own comprehension of the problem.
Print An abstract is an abbreviated version of your science fair project final report. For most science fairs it is limited to a maximum of words check the rules for your competition. The science fair project abstract appears at the beginning of the report as well as on your display board.
Almost all scientists and engineers agree that an abstract should have the following five pieces: This is where you describe the purpose for doing your science fair project or invention. Why should anyone care about the work you did?
You have to tell them why. Did you explain something that should cause people to change the way they go about their daily business?
If you made an invention or developed a new procedure how is it better, faster, or cheaper than what is already out there? Motivate the reader to finish the abstract and read the entire paper or display board. Identify the problem you solved or the hypothesis you investigated.
What was your approach for investigating the problem? Don't go into detail about materials unless they were critical to your success. Do describe the most important variables if you have room. What answer did you obtain? Be specific and use numbers to describe your results.
Do not use vague terms like "most" or "some. State what your science fair project or invention contributes to the area you worked in.
Did you meet your objectives? For an engineering project state whether you met your design criteria. Things to Avoid Avoid jargon or any technical terms that most readers won't understand. Avoid abbreviations or acronyms that are not commonly understood unless you describe what they mean.
Abstracts do not have a bibliography or citations. Abstracts do not contain tables or graphs. For most science fairs, the abstract must focus on the previous 12 months' research or lessand give only minimal reference to any earlier work.
If you are working with a scientist or mentor, your abstract should only include procedures done by you, and you should not put acknowledgements to anyone in your abstract.
Why Is an Abstract Important? Your science fair project abstract lets people quickly determine if they want to read the entire report. Consequently, at least ten times as many people will read your abstract as any other part of your work.
It's like an advertisement for what you've done. If you want judges and the public to be excited about your science fair project, then write an exciting, engaging abstract! Since an abstract is so short, each section is usually only one or two sentences long.
Consequently, every word is important to conveying your message. If a word is boring or vague, refer to a thesaurus and find a better one! If a word is not adding something important, cut it!The abstract lab report has to be written simply, coherently and clearly.
Before you actually proceed to writing it, read your report thoroughly with the objective of making an abstract in mind. Concentrate precisely on the elements of the abstract that you are going to write. Don’t just cut and paste sentences from your research paper into your abstract; writing that is appropriate for long papers is often too complicated for abstracts.
Read more about general principles of writing clear, concise sentences. The abstract is the only part of the paper that a potential referee sees when he is invited by an editor to review a manuscript.
The abstract is the only part of the paper that readers see when they search through electronic databases such as PubMed. © Copyright NC State University Sponsored and funded by National Science Foundation (DUE and DUE).
When writing an abstract definition essay, you attempt to a define an abstract term. Some examples of abstract terms are love, honor, fidelity and virtue. An abstract definition essay relies more on the writer's personal views than definition essays, which define concrete terms such as apple or door.
Basic Format of a Chemistry Lab Report (printable version here)Abstract - The abstract is a brief summation of the experiement. It should not exceed two hundred words and should explain, in a concise manner, the purpose of the experiment, how the experiment was conducted, and the results gained.