Historically, most felonies were punishable by death, so increasingly cruel methods of execution had to be developed in order to punish those crimes that were considered to be the most serious violations of social norms. For example, traitors were executed by drawing and… Historical considerations Capital punishment for murdertreasonarsonand rape was widely employed in ancient Greece under the laws of Draco fl.
The answer was that the death penalty is more expensive than life in prison without parole. I was then told to discuss the deterring effect of the death penalty on people.
That is what I will do now. The question of whether deterrence actually works or not is significantly more mixed than the question of whether death is more expensive than life in prison. Many studies have been inconclusive. Others claim that the death penalty will deter up to eighteen people per execution.
On the other hand there are many statistics that show that states without capital punishment tend to have higher instances of violent crimes. The question of the effectiveness of the death penalty as a deterrent is difficult to answer.
The first research that found that the death penalty did in fact deter crime was done by Isaac Ehrilich, an Economics professor. While his findings were contested by other researchers both he and an independent researcher were successful in confirming those findings. Other studies, done by people with names that mean nothing to me, have found that there is a strong negative correlation between executions and murder incidents.
Another researcher, named Shepard was able to break down the murders deterred based on race, though he said only three lives were saved per execution. He also found that the faster an execution occurs the more murders it deters. He said that every 2. As a final comment on whether these statistics and studies are credible, I would like to state that this statistic is a difficult thing to measure.
How can somebody actually count the number of murders that did not occur. I am not going to say that it is impossible to actually study and measure these statistics.
Keeping the difficulty in measuring these statistics, it is easy to explain the difference between the number 3 and the number As for my own feelings on these statisticsI find the difference in results disturbing.
There are also people who just flat out refuse to give these studies any credibility. It cites a report made by the National Academy of Sciences their mission statement can be seen here.
Please note that their primary focus is in the sciences which states that every single study mentioned above and many others were done in a non-credible way. I tried to track down the actual report referenced. I found a book that was written by a subset of the NAS, the description of which said that there have been no credible studies done that have found a significant deterring effect.
I feel like what you choose to believe on this is all up in the air. The studies may or may not be credible. At the end of the day, it makes no difference in the larger view. People will continually reference the studies regardless of credibility, and other people will constantly try to claim that the lack of credibility completely destroys that case.
Then there is the always present argument that states without the death penalty have lower violent crime rates than states with capital punishment. This has been shown over and over to be true.
There is a logical fallacy associated with this. It is post hoc ergo propter hoc. We have observed that there is a correlation between the death penalty being in a state or not and the violent crime rate. I would suggest the more likely link of causation would be the other way, assuming such a link exists.
They may also just be connected by correlation rather than causation. So where does that put us on deterrence? There are myriad studies that suggest that deterrence is a real thing. There is at least one study suggesting that all of those studies are not worth the paper they are printed on.
There is also a statistic that is referenced very often by people who claim that deterrence is not a valid theory. This statistic is just a statistic which is probably not being interpreted correctly.Nov 12, · The U.S. Supreme Court is now closely assessing the answer to this question as they consider the constitutionality of a method of execution that’s used in all but one of 38 death penalty .
Research shows clearly that the chance of being caught is a vastly more effective deterrent than even draconian punishment. 2. Sending an individual convicted of a crime to prison isn’t a very effective way to deter crime.
There is no proof that the death penalty deters criminals. National Institute of Justice, Seventh Street, NW. The question of the effectiveness of the death penalty as a deterrent is difficult to answer.
The first research that found that the death penalty did in fact deter crime was done by Isaac Ehrilich, an Economics professor. Top 10% Absolutely Positively the Best 30 Death Penalty Websites on the Internet (Top 1%) Death Penalty Information Center Probably the single most comprehensive and authoritative internet rersource on the death penalty, including hundreds of anti-death penalty articles, essays, and quotes on issues of deterrence, cost, execution of the innocent, racism, public opinion, women, juveniles.
Nov 18, · For the first time in a generation, the question of whether the death penalty deters murders has captured the attention of scholars in law and . A recent study by Professor Michael Radelet and Traci Lacock of the University of Colorado found that 88% of the nation’s leading criminologists do not believe the .