Governments in ancient chinese history

China is one of the world's four ancient civilizations, and the written history of China dates back to the Shang Dynasty c. The ancient China era was c.

Governments in ancient chinese history

Government[ edit ] Ancient China had a unique way of showing different time periods; each stage of China or each family that was in power was a distinctive dynasty. Also between each dynasty was an unstable age of divided provinces.

The best-known of these periods was the Three Kingdoms epoch taking place for 60 years between the Han and the Jin Dynasty. During these periods fierce warfare took place between many nobles fighting for the throne.

Ancient China/Government - Wikibooks, open books for an open world This trend also applies to government; In ancient Chinese history, governments were established through analyzing and improving upon previous empires so that their reigns could be more successful than the former generations. This also translated to the Tang dynasty, as they expanded upon he equal field system, an Ideal founded by the Chou dynasty, who ruled thousands of years before the Tang.
Prehistoric China — Up to About 1600 BC In this period, local military leaders used by the Zhou began to assert their power and vie for hegemony. The situation was aggravated by the invasion of other peoples from the northwest, such as the Qinforcing the Zhou to move their capital east to Luoyang.
Timeline of Chinese History In this period, local military leaders used by the Zhou began to assert their power and vie for hegemony.

The first recorded dynasty was the Shang Dynasty, lasting from BC to BC, this years being was quite long for a dynasty. Some emperors reverted much of the country to nomadic life and away from agricultural settlements.

But by the last years of the Shang dynasty, agriculture was fully supported throughout the country. The next dynasty was the Zhou dynasty. The Zhou people came from the west and overthrew the Shang, it lasted from BC to BC near a thousand years making it the longest dynasty in history!

Governments in ancient chinese history

During this time 2 out of the three greatest philosophers were born: Also during this period iron was first used in China written script on bronze tablets first appeared though it was not the clerical script of the Han dynasty it was a great improvement of early writing in the Shang Dynasty.

This era was a big change for China during the Qin Dynasty. The man was considered a beast that needed to be strictly controlled which led to an age in which legalism, a branch of Confucianism, dominated. All people were strictly kept in order and any crimes were not tolerated. At the Qin Dynasties height, it had a population of over 40 million people, which was huge compared to the Shang or early Zhou Dynasties.

Rebellions arose from all across China. The Han dynasty was known for being a great period for the Ancient Chinese culture; music, drama, and literature flourished during this time. Every half-year a great test was held at the palace in the capital city the most promising young scholars gathered to take the test that would decide what kind of job they got in the government.

The highest scorers were given jobs at the palace itself whereas the lowest were sometimes failed or sometimes put in low-level jobs at the local level. Cheating was punished severely because of the importance placed on these tests.

The Civil Servants that this test placed would oversee the construction of roads, canals, and schools. The local civil servants would record trade population and decide where crops should be sent and how much to store. The position of Civil Servant was coveted. Also during this epoch, the Silk Road became a major source of income for the merchant class the Shang.

The dynasty was quickly destroyed by two major armies.

Governments In Ancient Chinese History Essay Example | Graduateway

The emperor fought back by allying with their eunuchs. Then the emperor died, his son became emperor and his wife began grabbing the power. This continued for a couple hundred years until Cao Cao, whom the Emperor had given too much power, held the emperor hostage and became the real person in charge of China.

His son forced the last emperor to abdicate and the Three Kingdoms period began. The North was controlled by around individual 16 barbarian states during the Eastern Jin dynasty.

Amidst the chaos, the Sui dynasty to rose and successfully reunited China. The Tang to and Song to dynasties that followed were important and significant ages were the Chinese experiences yet another golden age, after the Han dynasty.

Many discoveries were made, and the arts flourished. The Tang ruled a strong dynasty with a powerful army and rich country.The Han dynasty was known for being a great period for the Ancient Chinese culture; music, drama, and literature flourished during this time.

During Emperor Wu of Han's reign, a new system of government emerged during this time, a system of civil servants. The earliest known written records of the history of China date from as early as BC, from the Shang dynasty (c.

– BC). Ancient historical texts such as the Records of the Grand Historian (c. BC) and the Bamboo Annals ( BC) describe a Xia dynasty (c. – BC) before the Shang, but no writing is known from the period, . Ancient China produced what has become the oldest, still extant, culture in the world.

The name `China’ comes from the Sanskrit Cina (derived from the name of the Chinese Qin Dynasty, pronounced `Chin’) which was translated as `Cin’ by the Persians and seems to have become popularized through trade along the Silk Road from China to the rest of the world.

Ancient Chinese Governments Continue: Dynasty after Dynasty The Han Dynasty that followed the Qin ruled over a golden age in Chinese history. There aggressive policy towards the “barbarian” nomads greatly expanded their frontiers in all directions.

Ancient Chinese Governments Continue: Dynasty after Dynasty The Han Dynasty that followed the Qin ruled over a golden age in Chinese history. There aggressive policy towards the “barbarian” nomads greatly expanded their frontiers in all directions.

Ancient China was one of the oldest and longest lasting civilizations in the history of the world. The history of Ancient China can be traced back over 4, years. Located on the eastern part of the continent of Asia, today China .

History of China - Wikipedia