The Greek gods often elevated their mortal children or grandchildren to the status of heroes, or even to the status of gods. In contrast, their treatment of humans who could boast no divine ancestry was often exploitative or punitive. Only mortals who behaved in a wholly moral, humble manner could hope to be rewarded by the gods. Desire and Abduction Many of the gods consorted with humans, though Zeus is perhaps the most notorious for abducting unsuspecting human for sexual gratification.
Study Questions 1 How does Homer portray the relationship between gods and men in the Odyssey? What roles do the gods play in human life?
How does this portrayal differ from that found in the Iliad? In the Iliad, the gods relate to human beings either as external powers that influence the lives of mortals from without, as when Apollo unleashes plague upon the Achaeans, or from within, as when Aphrodite incites Helen to make love to Paris or when Athena gives Diomedes courage in battle.
In the Odyssey, the gods are often much less grand. They function more as spiritual guides and supporters for their human subjects, sometimes assuming mortal disguises in order to do so.
The actions of the gods sometimes remain otherworldly, as when Poseidon decides to wreck the ship of the Phaeacians, but generally they grant direct aid to particular individuals. In a sense, the change in the behavior of the gods is wholly appropriate to the shift in focus between the two epics.
The Iliad depicts a violent and glorious war, and the gods act as frighteningly powerful, supernatural forces. The Odyssey, in contrast, chronicles a long journey, and the gods frequently act to guide and advise the wandering hero. Does he develop at all?
Odysseus does not change remarkably during the course of the narrative, especially in comparison to Telemachus, who undergoes a rite of passage from naive adolescence to manhood.
Odysseus, already a famed soldier at the beginning of the Iliad, continues his role as the most intelligent and courageous of all the Achaean heroes.
But this is not to say that Odysseus exhibits no signs of growth. Just as Achilles is confronted in the Iliad with the problem of balancing his honor with his pride, Odysseus repeatedly faces situations in which self-restraint and humility must check bravado and glory-seeking.
In his early adventures, he often fails these tests, as when he boastfully taunts Polyphemus, enflaming Poseidon. As the epic progresses, Odysseus becomes increasingly capable of judging when it is wise to reveal himself and when it is appropriate to exult in his accomplishments.
At Scheria, he prudently waits until late in his visit before declaring his identity to the king and queen. By the time he reaches Ithaca, he can endure the insults of the suitors for the better part of two days. The ability to hold his passions and pride in check make his swift and total revenge upon the suitors possible.
How is hospitality established as a key value in the epic?
Traveling between those settlements involves facing both natural and supernatural perils, as well as logistical problems like shortages in provisions. The code of hospitality operates as a linchpin that allows individuals such as Odysseus to undertake these kinds of journeys at all.
It is a set of reciprocal expectations and obligations that not only mitigate the privations of travel but forge and reinforce bonds of friendship and goodwill. Not surprisingly, the Odyssey doles out harsh punishments to those who do not respect this sacred social code. Polyphemus, the suitors, and the Achaean soldiers at Ismarus all suffer for violating it.
By the same token, individuals such as Eumaeus and the Phaeacian royalty prove their worth to Odysseus by showering him with selfless generosity and kindness. Within the Odyssey, adherence to the code functions as a kind of imperfect currency.
If one acts in accordance with the rules, one will generally, but not always, be rewarded.The Relationships of Fate, the Gods, and Man in "The Iliad" Essay; the Gods, and Man in "The Iliad" Essay. Words 6 Pages. Show More. to control what will occur in a man's life; the relationship between this force and the gods is one that shows the gods' obedience and also how they are used to ensure that fate is kept intact.
Zeus. The essay topics in this lesson will help bring your students in closer to Greek mythology. Topics About Specific Gods This section offers topics dealing with specific Greek gods, their origins. Aug 21, · Watch video · Olympian gods and goddesses looked like men and women (though they could change themselves into animals and other things) and were–as many myths recounted–vulnerable to human foibles and passions.
View Essay - How did the Greek view of the relationship between man and nature influence their conception of the from HIST at Columbia College. How did the Greek view of the relationship between The theory of the Gods to the Greeks seemed .
Nov 19, · Best Answer: The relationship between Gods, and Men, was a complex one in Ancient Greece, everybody made sacrifices to the Gods, and consulted Oracles, had visions, sought their favour on some enterprise or another, and felt in touch with them, on a day to day basis.
The Gods Status: Resolved. god’s relationship with man Some have classified God’s relationship with man in the Bible according to the following considerations: 1) God, 2) men in general, that is, humanity in general, 3) the individual, 4) the God-man, 5) God and man, 6) God in man, and 7) God over men.