Transactional Leadership Definition Leadership theories debate over what makes a good leader. Trait theory and behaviorism are two similar approaches to these questions. They both see leadership as an objective set of qualities or actions that must be mastered.
Styles of leadership that are vital for current businesses were investigated; differences in classical and modern management styles were presented, responsibilities of a leader for the concept of modern leadership were identified; and differences between a manager and a leader were introduced.
Introduction Leadership is one of areas about which we have very little information although institutions and experts on many various fields have performed excessive studies on it after s together with changing world order.
Yet a consensus could not be reached on what characteristics discriminate or could discriminate an effective leadership from an ineffective leadership.
Descriptions related to the leadership may vary according to the condition and environment. Rather than defining leadership concept as a whole, it may include characteristics and behaviors observed in a specific environment conditions and in a specific time period Karip, Leaders of the 21st century face with much more different and complicated demands than past.
Leaders had the power of changing their groups, organizations, personal values as they wish until 21st century, however today individuals to undertake key roles for organizations and organizations to emerge as economic and social wealth led to change of description and tasks of leadership.
Leadership behavior is completely related with behavior, attitude, state and status in relationships of the leader with people following him or group which the leader is responsible of management. Employees to act as a part of the institution or organization in it and perform their obligations in direction of the objectives and purposes of the organization they are in is to a large extent related with leadership styles which managers present.
For many years, leadership styles have been separated in two section generally and they have been defined as leadership styles focusing on work and person. The leadership which is old as much as the history of mankind has changed even has developed in accordance with conditions changing in time.
Following these changes and improvements, future, innovation, change and reform concepts which have not been paid attention or brought out previously in relation to leadership have been included in leadership process. Leadership styles which feature future, innovation and change as a style have been referred as transformational leadership.
Leadership styles which are in transformational leadership group have been named as change-driven leadership behaviors in scientific researches. In work-oriented leadership which is among change-driven leadership styles, the focus and priority of the leader has become daily organizational performance.
In work-oriented leadership style, managers use their authorities they get from their positions.
Their employees are awarded in accordance with their efforts. Noticeable amendments are not performed very much in mission, vision, institutional structure and human resources operation of the organization.
In people- oriented leadership however, vision defining, direction finding, working as a team, establishing talented teams, authorization and responsibility transferring is important.
People-oriented leadership causes occurrence of positive point of view by employees in terms of the institution. In change-driven leadership however, the leader gives opportunities to followers to develop their view for future and increase their potentials and empower his followers.
He takes care of his followers one by one. In conditions which require take of risk, in situations which require authorization or responsibility, he encourages his followers. He supports creativity and self-confidence of followers. He ensures his followers to present more performance than expected or over their capacities by changing or improving their feeling and thought, belief and values.
Briefly, in change-driven leadership, the leader enables his followers to be a leader in their own fields rather than being a machine.
Description of Leadership Since leader and leadership concepts are old as much as the history of mankind, in descriptions made for these concepts, it may vary according to the social, cultural and economic characteristics of the period in which the description has been made.
Characteristics of the period being lived in caused made of separate leader or leadership description for each period. It is required not to perceive leadership solely as a concept related with an organization structure.
It is a process emerged by a certain human society to follow a certain person around certain purposes. Making a clear and comprehensive description of leadership has difficulties.
It is required to seek for reasons of these in smooth and deceptive characteristics of the leadership fact. Indeed, leadership is a function related with the relationship established between the leader and his followers and quality of the mutual interaction between the leader and followers rather than a title or hierarchical position.
If we would like to make some description on leader and leadership; leadership is a person to stand out in the process of controlling social activities. Another description is convincing people to manage them in direction of determined aims.The objective of this term project was to distinguish leaders and managers and to compare the concepts of classical leadership and modern leadership.
This research paper compares and contrasts several leadership theories, the evolution of the theories, and future research implications. The leadership theories discussed in the paper include the trait-based, situational, and transformational leadership theories.
Trait-based theories represented the. Leadership Theories - this review seeks to determine which theoretical perspectives, theories and schools As this chapter will illustrate, leadership is a multifaceted and intricate phenomenon and part of the issues we face in understanding and researching leadership development stem from the .
Jun 29, · Leadership theories debate over what makes a good leader. Over the years, many schools of thought have developed that give different explanations about .
Compare and Contrast Four Leadership Models Angela Nelson-Barnes University of Phoenix Compare and Contrast Four Leadership Models The four leadership models in this essay are transformational, transactional, servant, and charismatic.
The author of the post will briefly discuss two theories, Fiedler contingency theory and Leader-Member Exchange (LMX), and compare and contrast their strengths and weakness. Fiedler’ model is considered the first highly visible theory to present the contingency approach.