Alexis Carrelof the Rockefeller Institute, stated: Scientific Monthly, July, Modern medicine protects him attempts to against infections which kill rapidly, but leaves him exposed to the slower and more cruel diseases.
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution Licensewhich permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. Abstract The last part of the 19th century was a period of great achievements in medicine and endocrinology.
The thyroid gland evolved from being considered a rudimentary structure to an organ related to specific diseases. The singular importance of iodine became acknowledged. Graves-Basedow's disease was described.
Surgical treatment evolved with extraordinary speed. Theodor Kocher observed that the clinical picture in patients after total thyroidectomy was similar to the one seen in cretinism. Inthe first case of hypothyroidism or myxedema was described. Less than 50 years later, effective treatment was introduced.
Another 50 years later, autoimmune thyroiditis was ascertained as the most frequent cause of hypothyroidism in areas with no iodine deficiency. This paper gives a short survey of the history of hypothyroidism and its treatment. Introduction During the 50 years preceding World War I, medicine saw a wealth of new ideas and novel procedures, not in the least within the field of endocrinology.
Halban [ 11 ] and Knauer [ 12 ] performed important experiments demonstrating that chemical substances controlling menstruations were released from the ovary.
Similarly, Reinke [ 13 ] and Bouin and Ancel [ 14 ] proposed that testis was a gland with internal secretion—studies that were the vanguard of an impressive number of investigations on the relationship between the pituitary and the gonads [ 15 ].
The first hormone was synthesized adrenaline or epinephrine by Jokichi Takamine — in [ 16 ]. What was probably the supreme feat of the epoch took place on January 16, when William Bayliss — and Ernest Henry Starling — for the first time UK witnessed the effect of a substance later to be identified as a hormone secretin [ 17 ].
There was virtually no endocrine organ that did not become object of intensive investigation. It became clear that diseases of the thyroid gland affect a large number of patients. In this paper, we briefly review how knowledge of the classical thyroid disease, then myxedema, now hypothyroidism, evolved.
Early Observations on Myxedema Ina potentially important paper was published by Thomas Blizard Curling —surgeon at the London Hospital [ 18 ]. She had no power of speech.
Both died and autopsy was performed. No trace of the thyroid gland could be found. In countries where cretinism and bronchocele prevail, it was long supposed, that there was some connection between the defective condition of the brain, and the hypertrophy of the thyroid.The BCGS quarterly “The British Columbia Genealogist” – Table of Contents Index.
This database has a list of article titles from the Table of Contents of all issues of “The British Columbia Genealogist” published by the BCGS since , when the Society was created.
Since , the main surnames mentioned in articles are included in this searchable index. Cover letters A good cover letter can help to “sell” your manuscript to the journal editor. As well as introducing your work to the editor you can also take this opportunity to explain why the manuscript will be of interest to a journal's readers, something which is always as the forefront editors’ mind.
In regards to the British government-staged hoax around the persona of retired British spy Sergey Skripal: If TV police dramas told us anything it’s the principle of Corpus delicti, or “no body, no crime.” It’s the principle that a crime must be proved to have occurred before a person can be.
ADAM‚ William. Autograph Letter Signed‚ discussing a friend’s proposal‚ the payment of interest and its legal ramifications.
A good one page example 8½ x 6½ inches‚ in good condition. Search Harvard Health Publishing. What can we help you find? Enter search terms and tap the Search button. Both articles and products will be searched.
The British Journal of Sports Medicine (BJSM) aims to highlight clinically-relevant original research, editorials, systematic reviews, consensus statements and commentary that will be of interest to the field of sport and exercise medicine. The journal is aimed at physicians, physiotherapists, exercise scientists and those involved in public policy.